How to cure conjunctivitis

Conjunctivitis disease comprise about one third of all eye diseases. Amongst them the leading place is in favor of inflammatory infectious conjunctivitis.

Acute and chronic conjunctivitis may have contagious nature caused by viruses and bacteria. Well, there may be also conjunctivitis caused by physical and chemical hazards as well as allergic conjunctivitis and conjunctivitis in common diseases.

Infectious conjunctivitis have expressed greater prevalence of contagious especially in kindergartens, nurseries, schools, educational institutions and industrial enterprises. Conjunctivitis are often caused by staphylococcus also.

Acute conjunctivitis starts first in one but soon comes to the other eye. Patients complain of a sense of debris or so called “sand” in the eye followed by pain and redness in the eyes as well as a watery or mucous-purulent discharge from the eye. Waking up in the morning, the patient normally had difficulty opening his / her eyes as the eyelids glued together with dried pus on the eyelashes. This may be preceded by entering the eye dust, cooling or overheating, swimming in non-flowing water and the general weakening of the organism, diseases of the nose, cold in the chest, etc.

Conjunctivitis cure

For treatment of acute conjunctivitis in order to remove purulent discharge it is necessary to conduct by frequent washing of the eyeball. For the successful treatment they use 2% solution of boric acid and solution furacilinum of 1:5000 or 1:5000 of potassium permanganate solution (pale pink in terms of color). When doing washing the eyelids one should be well diluted and use a rubber spray.

Between washing the conjunctivitis cavity should be done in 2 – 3 hours antibacterial drops. As is often acute conjunctivitis caused coccal flora, the most appropriate to apply the sulfonamides and antibiotics: 30% solution of sodium sulfacyl and 1% solution of tetracycline and 1% solution of tetramitsina.

In acute conjunctivitis in any case it is not possible to apply the bandage on the eye patch since under the bandage blinking is not possible which contributing to the evacuation of the conjunctival cavity of purulent discharge.

Overall treatment normally should be done in a long time period and during the treatment some drugs which have the lack of effectiveness must be replaces in 1 – 2 weeks. You are to use 1% of erythromycin ointment and 1 % emulsion of chloromycetin.

Prevention of acute conjunctivitis is to comply with the rules of personal hygiene and do not touch eyes with dirty hands, do not apply common goods. All persons who were in contact with the patient, prophylaxis is recommended for 2 – 3 days instilled into the eyes of a 30% solution of sodium sulfacyl, in other words albutsid. Also, one should change daily towel and linen until the termination of purulent discharge and it is strictly prohibited to use common items of daily use. Infection can occur from an infected person via dirty hands, as well as by airborne droplets.

Most acute conjunctivitis are caused by adenovirus and may occur in the form of fever with the rise of temperature, inflammation of the upper respiratory tract and increasing the submandibular lymph nodes.

Catarrhal conjunctivitis is the most mild manifestation of the disease and lasts an average of 5 – 7 days. Full recovery might be achieved in 15 days.

Pseudomembranous form of decease is rather rarer. The thin transparent covers are usually soft, grayish-white and easy to remove moist cotton swab. However, in some cases form a fairly dense fibrinous covers with difficulty separating from the subject of inflamed mucosa. After removing the exposed surface of the transparent cover can bleed. Follicular form is characterized by rash follicles or vesicles on the conjunctiva of the cartilage and transitional folds. Follicles may be many in quantities and large and sprinkle the entire loosening mucous membrane century. The disease is very similar to the initial stage of trachoma.

Treatment of conjunctivitis

The following remedies are successfully applied:

  • Florenalum (0,1% solution in drops),
  • Oxolinum (0,1 – 0, 2% in the form of burial),
  • Tebropheum (0,1% solution and 0.5% ointment Nye)
  • Gludantanum (0,1% aqueous solution in drops 6 times a day).

Sulfanilamide (30% solution of sodium sulfacyl) and antibiotics do not have a specific effect on the adenovirus, but they are appropriate for the prevention of secondary infection. The best effect is observed with drugs tetracycline and chloromycetin because these antibiotics have strong virus-stopping effect.

The overall resistance to adenovirus infection increases dibasol, salicylates, vitamins and desensitization drugs.

Сonjunctivitis, caused by physical and chemical hazards, is in most cases professional chronic diseases of conjunctiva. The polluted air, dust, smoke and vapors of various chemicals can cause chronic conjunctivitis. The harmful effect of these agents to be observed in various industrial enterprises here are coal, cement, flour milling, sawmilling, many kinds of chemical industry, where workers have to deal with acids, alkalis, pairs of other compounds.

Complaints of patients include redness, feeling debris eye, tearing, burning, heaviness in the eyelids, growing in the evening. In the morning at the inner corner of eye slit is collected and separated in the form of lumps of mucus.

Treatment of chronic conjunctivitis is more often implies the use of drops and cold compresses of binding agents (infusion of tea, 0.25% solution of resorcinol), with exacerbations and the presence of discharge – 30% solution of sodium sulfacyl and antibiotics. Desinfecting ointments are usually applied nights. In case of professional conjunctivitis it is required to to comply with preventive measures to eliminate the impact of harmfull influence.

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