How to cure atherosclerosis

Atherosclerosis is the most common chronic disease of the arteries, with the formation of single and multiple foci of lipid and mainly cholesterol deposits in terms of plaque in the inner membrane of the arteries. Subsequent expansion in its connective tissue (sclerosis) and the deposition of calcium in the vessel wall leads to deformation and narrowing of its lumen up to complete blockage of the artery. Thus, the insufficient blood supply to the body is fed through the affected artery. In addition, the possible acute blockage or occlusion with the lumen of the artery or thrombus, or more rarely the contents of the broken plaque, or both, and the other at the same time, which leads to the formation of foci of necrosis like infarction, or gangrene in the body, which feeds this artery. Atherosclerosis occurs with greatest frequency amongst men aged 50-60 and women aged over 60 years. No doubt the value of so-called risk factors for atherosclerosis.

Atherosclerosis cure

Acquired risk factors are the following ones:

  • Smoking.
  • Overweight.
  • High blood cholesterol.
  • High blood pressure.
  • Stress.
  • Sedentary lifestyle.

Treatment of atherosclerosis

The successful treatment of atherosclerosis is a very difficult task. There is no drug that can help everyone at once. Each patient may have their own peculiarities of the disease. Treatment of atherosclerosis for a long or virtually lifelong and requiring significant economic costs.

At present, there are several routes of exposure to illness:

  • Reducing income of cholesterol in the body.
  • The decrease in cholesterol synthesis in the cells of organs and tissues.
  • Increased excretion of cholesterol and products of its metabolism.
  • Reduction of lipid peroxidation.
  • Application special therapy in women during menopause.
  • Exposure to possible infectious agents.

Intake reduction of cholesterol in the body can be made via the diet, exclusion from the diet products containing fats and cholesterol. This will be discussed below, since such a diet also serves as treatment and prevention of atherosclerosis.

In order to carry medication, you must first obtain the data of biochemical analysis of blood. This allows you to specify the content of cholesterol and its various fractions of lipids. In Eastern Europe around 60% of people have cholesterol above normal, and 20% experience these figures simply too high according to European Association of Cardiology. EAC has developed a table for patients with CHD. This table is called “Rule 1, 2, 3, 4, 5”, which allows the doctor to determine the tactics of treatment.

Today in the world for the treatment of atherosclerosis used four groups of drugs:

First group is called preparations of nicotinic acid. The advantage of these type of products are low price. However, to achieve the effect required high doses of 1,5-3 g / day, equivalent to the existing pharmacies pill nicotinic acid is 30-60 tablets of 0.05 g. When you receive such a quantity of tablets can occur hot flashes, headaches, pain in the stomach. Do not take niacin on an empty stomach and drink hot tea or coffee. Nicotinic acid effectively lowers cholesterol and triglycerides in the blood, increases antiatherogenic HDL thicknesses. However, the treatment is contraindicated in patients with liver disease, as nicotinic acid may cause a malfunction in the liver and fatty steatosis.

Second group is Fibrates. This group includes such drugs as gevilan, atromid, miskleron. They reduce the synthesis of fats in the body. They may also disrupt the functioning of the liver and enhance the formation of stones in the gallbladder.

The next group of drugs i.e. bile acids. Their action is similar to that of ion exchange resins. They bind bile acids in the intestine and remove them. Since bile acid is a product of cholesterol and fat, it thereby reduces the amount of cholesterol and fats in the blood. These drugs are Holestid and cholestyramine ones. All of them are unpleasant to the taste, so it is usually recommended to drink their juice or soup. In applying bile acids can be constipation, flatulence and other violations of the gastrointestinal tract. In addition, they can disrupt the absorption of other medications, so other drugs should be taken for 1 hour or 4 hours after admission bile acids.

The most severe reduction of cholesterol and fats in the blood are in the application of so called statin drugs. These drugs reduce the production of cholesterol by the body. Statins are from fungi named zokor, Mevacor,and pravahol or produced synthetically like leskol. Assign these drugs once a day, evening, as the night increased production of cholesterol. The effectiveness of statins demonstrated by many studies. Unfortunately, they also can cause a malfunction in the liver.

It must be remembered that treatment can be most effective only subject to the doctor’s recommendations on the principles of healthy eating and healthy lifestyles, and surgical treatment of atherosclerosis – this is only treatment of its severe complications, which, unfortunately, does not warrant further development and progression of the disease.

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Posted in Heart and Vessels

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